This medication is used to treat heavy bleeding during your menstrual period. Tranexamic acid works by slowing the breakdown of blood clots, which helps to prevent prolonged bleeding. It belongs to a class of drugs known as antifibrinolytics. Tranexamic acid is not a hormone.
Melasma is a common acquired disorder of hyperpigmentation that commonly affects those with skin of color. Tranexamic acid is a novel treatment for melasma that has a multimodal mechanism of action.
Oral Tranexamic acid has clearly demonstrated the efficacy for melasma in Asian skin, even in low doses (e.g., 500 mg daily) over short periods (8-12 weeks). It is also a safe therapeutic option, which is easy to administer with few and mild side effects. Studies have shown that medication does not increase the thromboembolic risk, although patients should be screened carefully for contraindications and risk factors prior to commencement of the therapy.